Microcontroller reverse engineer
Microcontroller reverse engineer
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Reverse Engineering DSP MCU Code

Digital Signal Processors

  • Core developer of the Dolphin Emulator (GameCube/Wii)
  • Recently working mainly on sound processing emulation
  • Had to understand how it worked and reverse engineer the code running on it to reimplement it
  • Digital Signal Processor
  • Highly specialized CPUs with several ways to makesignal processing fast
  • Applications: sound mixing, sound effects processing, signal demodulation, etc.
  • Mixing sounds together: s = a + b
  • Setting a volume: s = v × i (0 <= v <= 1)
  • You can only mix together sounds at the same sample rate, so resampling might be needed (linear, cubic, FIR)
  • Sound delaying to simulate precise 3D positioning
  • Filters: LPF, FIR, etc.
  • Unless you need to cover a large range of values, floating point numbers are bad compared to fixed point numbers
  • Sound samples are in [−1.0, 1.0]
  • Volume is in [0.0, 1.0]
  • Each sound sample can be represented as a 16 bit number in [−32768, 32767]
  • Volume can be represented as a value in [0, 32767]
  • Big optimization: ALU computations are a lot faster than FPU
  • Need to be careful with overflows in intermediate computations
  • The DSP also needs to communicate with several external components: CPU, RAM, hardware decoder, ...
  • Often has interrupts and in/out ports support to get events from the CPU
  • Data from RAM is fetched and written using DMA to an internal, smaller RAM
  • Custom Macronix DSP design
  • Runs at 81MHz (fast!)
  • Hardware 32 bit multiplier with overflow handling
  • 4K IRAM, 4K DRAM
  • 4K IROM, 8K DROM
  • DMA access to the GameCube RAM and ARAM
  • Hardware PCM8, PCM16 and ADPCM decoding from ARAM
  • 4 Address Registers: $AR0, $AR1, $AR2, $AR3
  • 4 Index Registers: $IX0, $IX1, $IX2, $IX3
  • 4 Wrapping Registers: $WR0, $WR1, $WR2, $WR3
  • 2 32 bit "general" registers: $AX0, $AX1
  • 2 40 bit accumulators: $ACC0, $ACC1
  • 1 40 bit multiplication result register: $PROD
  • $AX0.H, $AX0.L (16 bit)
  • $ACC0.H (8 bit), $ACC0.M, $ACC0.L (16 bit)
  • Access to $ACC0.H can be either zero-extended or sign-extended
  • 16 bit bytes: addresses index 16 bit values
  • Instructions can be either 16 or 32 bits long (usually with a 16 bit immediate)
  • Some instructions can be merged with an "extended operation" to perform 2 operations at once
  • Strange control flow instructions using an internal loop register stack: LOOP, BLOOP, IFC, ...
      CLR $ACC0           // ACC0 = 0;                
      LOOP $ACC1.M         // while (ACC1.M--)         
      SRRI @$AR0, $ACC0.M  // *AR0++ = ACC0.M;  
				 
  • Explicit parallelization of some operations that can be performed at the same time
  • For example, "load from memory" and "multiply two numbers"
  • Used a lot to make loops faster: load and store data at the same time you perform operations
  • More than memory access: moving data from a register to another, adding an index register to an address register, etc.
  • Uses parts of the CPU not used by the main instruction
     opcode: bcf0
     disasm:
         MULAX'LD $AX0.H, $AX1.H, $ACC0 : $AX0.H, $AX1.H, @$AR0
     pseudocode:
         ACC0 += PROD;
         PROD = AX0.H * AX1.H;
         AX0.H = *AR0++;
         AX1.H = *AR3++;

     opcode: f2e7
     disasm:
         MADD'LDN $AX0.L, $AX0.H : $AX0.H, $AX1.L, @$AR3
     pseudocode:
         $PROD += AX0.L * AX0.H;
         AX0.H = *AR0++;
         AX1.H = *AR3;
         AR3 += IX3; 
				 
  • Only one disassembler available, no real static analysis tool
  • Wrote an IDA plugin for the GCN DSP in November 2011
  • IDA handles surprisingly well most of the strange features of this DSP (including 16 bit bytes)
  • Made it a lot easier to do cross-references, renaming symbols, etc.
  • Writing IDA plugins will make you hate it, but it's worth the trouble in the end

  • All of the code is written directly in assembly, without respect for any kind of calling convention
  • Branching has an impact on speed, so loops are sometimes manually unrolled
  • Wrapping registers used to implement circular buffers
  • Automatic multiply by 2 for volume mixing

Used to increase the throughput of a loop by taking advantage of the explicit parallelization.

    LRRI                         $AX0.H, @$AR3
     LRRI                         $AX0.L, @$AR3
     MULX                        $AX0.L, $AX1.L
     MULXMV                   $AX0.H, $AX1.L, $ACC0
     BLOOPI                     0x30, 0x0655
          ASR16’L                  $ACC0 : $AC1.M, @$AR1
          ADDP’LN                 $ACC0 : $AC1.L, @$AR1
          LRRI                       $AX0.H, @$AR3
          ADD’L                     $ACC1, $ACC0 : $AX0.L, @$AR3
          MULX’S                   $AX0.L, $AX1.L : @$AR1, $AC1.M
          MULXMV’S               $AX0.H, $AX1.L, $ACC0 : @$AR1, $AC1.L
				 
  • Mikatech Microchip PIC DSP MCU reverse engineer list:
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PIC18LF4523 PIC18LF4525 PIC18LF4539 PIC18LF4550 PIC18LF4553 PIC18LF458 PIC18LF4580 PIC18LF4585 PIC18LF45J10 PIC18LF45J11 PIC18LF45J50 PIC18LF45K20 PIC18LF45K22 PIC18LF45K50 PIC18LF45K80 PIC18LF4610 PIC18LF4620 PIC18LF4680 PIC18LF4682 PIC18LF4685 PIC18LF46J11 PIC18LF46J13 PIC18LF46J50 PIC18LF46J53 PIC18LF46K20 PIC18LF46K22 PIC18LF46K80 PIC18LF47J13 PIC18LF47J53 PIC18LF6310 PIC18LF6390 PIC18LF6393 PIC18LF63J11 PIC18LF63J90 PIC18LF6410 PIC18LF6490 PIC18LF6493 PIC18LF64J11 PIC18LF64J90 PIC18LF6520 PIC18LF6525 PIC18LF6527 PIC18LF6585 PIC18LF65J10 PIC18LF65J11 PIC18LF65J15 PIC18LF65J50 PIC18LF65J90 PIC18LF65J94 PIC18LF65K22 PIC18LF65K80 PIC18LF65K90 PIC18LF6620 PIC18LF6621 PIC18LF6622 PIC18LF6627 PIC18LF6628 PIC18LF6680 PIC18LF66J10 PIC18LF66J11 PIC18LF66J15 PIC18LF66J16 PIC18LF66J50 PIC18LF66J55 PIC18LF66J60 PIC18LF66J65 PIC18LF66J90 PIC18LF66J93 PIC18LF66J94 PIC18LF66J99 PIC18LF66K22 PIC18LF66K80 PIC18LF66K90 PIC18LF6720 PIC18LF6722 PIC18LF6723 PIC18LF67J10 PIC18LF67J11 PIC18LF67J50 PIC18LF67J60 PIC18LF67J90 PIC18LF67J93 PIC18LF67J94 PIC18LF67K22 PIC18LF67K90 PIC18LF8310 PIC18LF8390 PIC18LF8393 PIC18LF83J11 PIC18LF83J90 PIC18LF8410 PIC18LF8490 PIC18LF8493 PIC18LF84J11 PIC18LF84J90 PIC18LF8520 PIC18LF8525 PIC18LF8527 PIC18LF8585 PIC18LF85J10 PIC18LF85J11 PIC18LF85J15 PIC18LF85J50 PIC18LF85J90 PIC18LF85J94 PIC18LF85K22 PIC18LF85K90 PIC18LF8620 PIC18LF8621 PIC18LF8622 PIC18LF8627 PIC18LF8628 PIC18LF8680 PIC18LF86J10 PIC18LF86J11 PIC18LF86J15 PIC18LF86J16 PIC18LF86J50 PIC18LF86J55 PIC18LF86J60 PIC18LF86J65 PIC18LF86J72 PIC18LF86J90 PIC18LF86J93 PIC18LF86J94 PIC18LF86J99 PIC18LF86K22 PIC18LF86K90 PIC18LF8720 PIC18LF8722 PIC18LF8723 PIC18LF87J10 PIC18LF87J11 PIC18LF87J50 PIC18LF87J60 PIC18LF87J72 PIC18LF87J90 PIC18LF87J93 PIC18LF87J94 PIC18LF87K22 PIC18LF87K90 PIC18LF95J94 PIC18LF96J60 PIC18LF96J65 PIC18LF96J94 PIC18LF96J99 PIC18LF97J60 PIC18LF97J94 ...

    PIC24Fxx full series mcu firmware hack: PIC24EP128GP202 PIC24EP128GP204 PIC24EP128GP206 PIC24EP128MC202 PIC24EP128MC204 PIC24EP128MC206 PIC24EP256GP202 PIC24EP256GP204 PIC24EP256GP206 PIC24EP256GU810 PIC24EP256GU814 PIC24EP256MC202 PIC24EP256MC204 PIC24EP256MC206 PIC24EP32GP202 PIC24EP32GP203 PIC24EP32GP204 PIC24EP32MC202 PIC24EP32MC203 PIC24EP32MC204 PIC24EP512GP202 PIC24EP512GP204 PIC24EP512GP206 PIC24EP512GP806 PIC24EP512GU810 PIC24EP512GU814 PIC24EP512MC202 PIC24EP512MC204 PIC24EP512MC206 PIC24EP64GP202 PIC24EP64GP203 PIC24EP64GP204 PIC24EP64GP206 PIC24EP64MC202 PIC24EP64MC203 PIC24EP64MC204 PIC24EP64MC206 PIC24F04KA200 PIC24F04KA201 PIC24F04KL100 PIC24F04KL101 PIC24F08KA101 PIC24F08KA102 PIC24F08KL200 PIC24F08KL201 PIC24F08KL301 PIC24F08KL302 PIC24F08KL401 PIC24F08KL402 PIC24F08KM101 PIC24F08KM102 PIC24F08KM202 PIC24F08KM204 PIC24F16KA101 PIC24F16KA102 PIC24F16KA301 PIC24F16KA302 PIC24F16KA304 PIC24F16KL401 PIC24F16KL402 PIC24F16KM102 PIC24F16KM104 PIC24F16KM202 PIC24F16KM204 PIC24F32KA301 PIC24F32KA302 PIC24F32KA304 PIC24FJ128DA106 PIC24FJ128DA110 PIC24FJ128DA206 PIC24FJ128DA210 PIC24FJ128GA006 PIC24FJ128GA008 PIC24FJ128GA010 PIC24FJ128GA106 PIC24FJ128GA108 PIC24FJ128GA110 PIC24FJ128GA202 PIC24FJ128GA204 PIC24FJ128GA306 PIC24FJ128GA308 PIC24FJ128GA310 PIC24FJ128GB106 PIC24FJ128GB108 PIC24FJ128GB110 PIC24FJ128GB202 PIC24FJ128GB204 PIC24FJ128GB206 PIC24FJ128GB210 PIC24FJ128GC006 PIC24FJ128GC010 PIC24FJ16GA002 PIC24FJ16GA004 PIC24FJ16MC101 PIC24FJ16MC102 PIC24FJ192GA106 PIC24FJ192GA108 PIC24FJ192GA110 PIC24FJ192GB106 PIC24FJ192GB108 PIC24FJ192GB110 PIC24FJ256DA106 PIC24FJ256DA110 PIC24FJ256DA206 PIC24FJ256DA210 PIC24FJ256GA106 PIC24FJ256GA108 PIC24FJ256GA110 PIC24FJ256GB106 PIC24FJ256GB108 PIC24FJ256GB110 PIC24FJ256GB206 PIC24FJ256GB210 PIC24FJ32GA002 PIC24FJ32GA004 PIC24FJ32GA102 PIC24FJ32GA104 PIC24FJ32GB002 PIC24FJ32GB004 PIC24FJ32MC101 PIC24FJ32MC102 PIC24FJ32MC104 PIC24FJ48GA002 PIC24FJ48GA004 PIC24FJ64GA002 PIC24FJ64GA004 PIC24FJ64GA006 PIC24FJ64GA008 PIC24FJ64GA010 PIC24FJ64GA102 PIC24FJ64GA104 PIC24FJ64GA106 PIC24FJ64GA108 PIC24FJ64GA110 PIC24FJ64GA202 PIC24FJ64GA204 PIC24FJ64GA306 PIC24FJ64GA308 PIC24FJ64GA310 PIC24FJ64GB002 PIC24FJ64GB004 PIC24FJ64GB106 PIC24FJ64GB108 PIC24FJ64GB110 PIC24FJ64GB202 PIC24FJ64GB204 PIC24FJ64GC006 PIC24FJ64GC010 PIC24FJ96GA006 PIC24FJ96GA008 PIC24FJ96GA010 PIC24FV08KM101 PIC24FV08KM102 PIC24FV08KM202 PIC24FV08KM204 PIC24FV16KA301 PIC24FV16KA302 PIC24FV16KA304 PIC24FV16KM102 PIC24FV16KM104 PIC24FV16KM202 PIC24FV16KM204 PIC24FV32KA301 PIC24FV32KA302 PIC24FV32KA304 PIC24HJ128GP202 PIC24HJ128GP204 PIC24HJ128GP206 PIC24HJ128GP206A PIC24HJ128GP210 PIC24HJ128GP210A PIC24HJ128GP306 PIC24HJ128GP306A PIC24HJ128GP310 PIC24HJ128GP310A PIC24HJ128GP502 PIC24HJ128GP504 PIC24HJ128GP506 PIC24HJ128GP506A PIC24HJ128GP510 PIC24HJ128GP510A PIC24HJ12GP201 PIC24HJ12GP202 PIC24HJ16GP304 PIC24HJ256GP206 PIC24HJ256GP206A PIC24HJ256GP210 PIC24HJ256GP210A PIC24HJ256GP610 PIC24HJ256GP610A PIC24HJ32GP202 PIC24HJ32GP204 PIC24HJ32GP302 PIC24HJ32GP304 PIC24HJ64GP202 PIC24HJ64GP204 PIC24HJ64GP206 PIC24HJ64GP206A PIC24HJ64GP210 PIC24HJ64GP210A PIC24HJ64GP502 PIC24HJ64GP504 PIC24HJ64GP506 PIC24HJ64GP506A PIC24HJ64GP510 PIC24HJ64GP510A ...

    dsPIC33xx full series mcu read out: dsPIC33EP128GM304 dsPIC33EP128GM306 dsPIC33EP128GM310 dsPIC33EP128GM604 dsPIC33EP128GM706 dsPIC33EP128GM710 dsPIC33EP128GP502 dsPIC33EP128GP504 dsPIC33EP128GP506 dsPIC33EP128MC202 dsPIC33EP128MC204 dsPIC33EP128MC206 dsPIC33EP128MC502 dsPIC33EP128MC504 dsPIC33EP128MC506 dsPIC33EP256GM304 dsPIC33EP256GM306 dsPIC33EP256GM310 dsPIC33EP256GM604 dsPIC33EP256GM706 dsPIC33EP256GM710 dsPIC33EP256GP502 dsPIC33EP256GP504 dsPIC33EP256GP506 dsPIC33EP256MC202 dsPIC33EP256MC204 dsPIC33EP256MC206 dsPIC33EP256MC502 dsPIC33EP256MC504 dsPIC33EP256MC506 dsPIC33EP256MU806 dsPIC33EP256MU810 dsPIC33EP256MU814 dsPIC33EP32GP502 dsPIC33EP32GP503 dsPIC33EP32GP504 dsPIC33EP32MC202 dsPIC33EP32MC203 dsPIC33EP32MC204 dsPIC33EP32MC502 dsPIC33EP32MC503 dsPIC33EP32MC504 dsPIC33EP512GM304 dsPIC33EP512GM306 dsPIC33EP512GM310 dsPIC33EP512GM604 dsPIC33EP512GM706 dsPIC33EP512GM710 dsPIC33EP512GP502 dsPIC33EP512GP504 dsPIC33EP512GP506 dsPIC33EP512GP806 dsPIC33EP512MC202 dsPIC33EP512MC204 dsPIC33EP512MC206 dsPIC33EP512MC502 dsPIC33EP512MC504 dsPIC33EP512MC506 dsPIC33EP512MC806 dsPIC33EP512MU810 dsPIC33EP512MU814 dsPIC33EP64GP502 dsPIC33EP64GP503 dsPIC33EP64GP504 dsPIC33EP64GP506 dsPIC33EP64MC202 dsPIC33EP64MC203 dsPIC33EP64MC204 dsPIC33EP64MC206 dsPIC33EP64MC502 dsPIC33EP64MC503 dsPIC33EP64MC504 dsPIC33EP64MC506 dsPIC33FJ06GS001 dsPIC33FJ06GS101 dsPIC33FJ06GS101A dsPIC33FJ06GS102 dsPIC33FJ06GS102A dsPIC33FJ06GS202 dsPIC33FJ06GS202A dsPIC33FJ09GS302 dsPIC33FJ128GP202 dsPIC33FJ128GP204 dsPIC33FJ128GP206 dsPIC33FJ128GP206A dsPIC33FJ128GP306 dsPIC33FJ128GP306A dsPIC33FJ128GP310 dsPIC33FJ128GP310A dsPIC33FJ128GP706 dsPIC33FJ128GP706A dsPIC33FJ128GP708 dsPIC33FJ128GP708A dsPIC33FJ128GP710 dsPIC33FJ128GP710A dsPIC33FJ128GP802 dsPIC33FJ128GP804 dsPIC33FJ128MC202 dsPIC33FJ128MC204 dsPIC33FJ128MC506 dsPIC33FJ128MC506A dsPIC33FJ128MC510 dsPIC33FJ128MC510A dsPIC33FJ128MC706 dsPIC33FJ128MC706A dsPIC33FJ128MC708 dsPIC33FJ128MC708A dsPIC33FJ128MC710 dsPIC33FJ128MC710A dsPIC33FJ128MC802 dsPIC33FJ128MC804 dsPIC33FJ12GP201 dsPIC33FJ12GP202 dsPIC33FJ12MC201 dsPIC33FJ12MC202 dsPIC33FJ16GP101 dsPIC33FJ16GP102 dsPIC33FJ16GP304 dsPIC33FJ16GS402 dsPIC33FJ16GS404 dsPIC33FJ16GS502 dsPIC33FJ16GS504 dsPIC33FJ16MC101 dsPIC33FJ16MC102 dsPIC33FJ16MC304 dsPIC33FJ256GP506 dsPIC33FJ256GP506A dsPIC33FJ256GP510 dsPIC33FJ256GP510A dsPIC33FJ256GP710 dsPIC33FJ256GP710A dsPIC33FJ256MC510 dsPIC33FJ256MC510A dsPIC33FJ256MC710 dsPIC33FJ256MC710A dsPIC33FJ32GP101 dsPIC33FJ32GP102 dsPIC33FJ32GP104 dsPIC33FJ32GP202 dsPIC33FJ32GP204 dsPIC33FJ32GP302 dsPIC33FJ32GP304 dsPIC33FJ32GS406 dsPIC33FJ32GS606 dsPIC33FJ32GS608 dsPIC33FJ32GS610 dsPIC33FJ32MC101 dsPIC33FJ32MC102 dsPIC33FJ32MC104 dsPIC33FJ32MC202 dsPIC33FJ32MC204 dsPIC33FJ32MC302 dsPIC33FJ32MC304 dsPIC33FJ64GP202 dsPIC33FJ64GP204 dsPIC33FJ64GP206 dsPIC33FJ64GP206A dsPIC33FJ64GP306 dsPIC33FJ64GP306A dsPIC33FJ64GP310 dsPIC33FJ64GP310A dsPIC33FJ64GP706 dsPIC33FJ64GP706A dsPIC33FJ64GP708 dsPIC33FJ64GP708A dsPIC33FJ64GP710 dsPIC33FJ64GP710A dsPIC33FJ64GP802 dsPIC33FJ64GP804 dsPIC33FJ64GS406 dsPIC33FJ64GS606 dsPIC33FJ64GS608 dsPIC33FJ64GS610 dsPIC33FJ64MC202 dsPIC33FJ64MC204 dsPIC33FJ64MC506 dsPIC33FJ64MC506A dsPIC33FJ64MC508 dsPIC33FJ64MC508A dsPIC33FJ64MC510 dsPIC33FJ64MC510A dsPIC33FJ64MC706 dsPIC33FJ64MC706A dsPIC33FJ64MC710 dsPIC33FJ64MC710A dsPIC33FJ64MC802 dsPIC33FJ64MC804 ...

    PIC32xx full series mcu read out: PIC32MX110F016B PIC32MX110F016C PIC32MX110F016D PIC32MX120F032B PIC32MX120F032C PIC32MX120F032D PIC32MX130F064B PIC32MX130F064C PIC32MX130F064D PIC32MX150F128B PIC32MX150F128C PIC32MX150F128D PIC32MX210F016B PIC32MX210F016C PIC32MX210F016D PIC32MX220F032B PIC32MX220F032C PIC32MX220F032D PIC32MX230F064B PIC32MX230F064C PIC32MX230F064D PIC32MX250F128B PIC32MX250F128C PIC32MX250F128D PIC32MX320F032H PIC32MX320F064H PIC32MX320F128H PIC32MX320F128L PIC32MX330F064H PIC32MX330F064L PIC32MX340F128H PIC32MX340F128L PIC32MX340F256H PIC32MX340F512H PIC32MX350F128H PIC32MX350F128L PIC32MX350F256H PIC32MX350F256L PIC32MX360F256L PIC32MX360F512L PIC32MX420F032H PIC32MX430F064H PIC32MX430F064L PIC32MX440F128H PIC32MX440F128L PIC32MX440F256H PIC32MX440F512H PIC32MX450F128H PIC32MX450F128L PIC32MX450F256H PIC32MX450F256L PIC32MX460F256L PIC32MX460F512L PIC32MX534F064H PIC32MX534F064L PIC32MX564F064H PIC32MX564F064L PIC32MX564F128H PIC32MX564F128L PIC32MX575F256H PIC32MX575F256L PIC32MX575F512H PIC32MX575F512L PIC32MX664F064H PIC32MX664F064L PIC32MX664F128H PIC32MX664F128L PIC32MX675F256H PIC32MX675F256L PIC32MX675F512H PIC32MX675F512L PIC32MX695F512H PIC32MX695F512L PIC32MX764F128H PIC32MX764F128L PIC32MX775F256H PIC32MX775F256L PIC32MX775F512H PIC32MX775F512L PIC32MX795F512H PIC32MX795F512L

    dsPIC30Fxx full series mcu firmware hack: dsPIC30F1010 dsPIC30F2010 dsPIC30F2011 dsPIC30F2012 dsPIC30F2020 dsPIC30F2023 dsPIC30F3010 dsPIC30F3011 dsPIC30F3012 dsPIC30F3013 dsPIC30F3014 dsPIC30F4011 dsPIC30F4012 dsPIC30F4013 dsPIC30F5011 dsPIC30F5013 dsPIC30F5015 dsPIC30F5016 dsPIC30F6010 dsPIC30F6010A dsPIC30F6011 dsPIC30F6011A dsPIC30F6012 dsPIC30F6012A dsPIC30F6013 dsPIC30F6013A dsPIC30F6014 dsPIC30F6014A dsPIC30F6015 ...

    HCSxx series mcu firmware hack: HCS300 HCS301 HCS360 HCS361 HCS362 HCS412 HCS500 HCS512 HCS515 ...

 


  • Mikatech Texas Instuments TI DSP MCU reverse engineer list:
  • MSP430x1xx Series MCU copy protection attack: MSP430F1101 MSP430F1111 MSP430F1121 MSP430F1122 MSP430F1132 MSP430F122 MSP430F1222 MSP430F123 MSP430F1232 MSP430F133 MSP430F135 MSP430F147 MSP430F148 MSP430F1481 MSP430F149 MSP430F1491 MSP430F155 MSP430F156 MSP430F157 MSP430F167 MSP430F168 MSP430F169 ...

    MSP430x2xx Series MCU copy protection attack: MSP430F2001 MSP430F2002 MSP430F2003 MSP430F2011 MSP430F2012 MSP430F2013 MSP430F2101 MSP430F2111 MSP430F2112 MSP430F2121 MSP430F2122 MSP430F2131 MSP430F2132 MSP430F2232 MSP430F2234 MSP430F2252 MSP430F2254 MSP430F2274 MSP430F233 MSP430F2330 MSP430F235 MSP430F2350 MSP430F2370 MSP430F2410 MSP430F2411 MSP430F2418 MSP430F2419 MSP430F247 MSP430F2471 MSP430F248 MSP430F249 MSP430F2491 MSP430F2611 MSP430F2617 MSP430F2618 MSP430F2619 ...

    MSP430x4xx Series MCU copy protection attack: MSP430F412 MSP430F413 MSP430F415 MSP430F417 MSP430F425 MSP430F4250 MSP430F4260 MSP430F4270 MSP430F435 MSP430F436 MSP430F4361 MSP430F437 MSP430F4371 MSP430F447 MSP430F448 MSP430F449 MSP430F4783 MSP430F4784 MSP430F4789 MSP430F4794 ...

    MSP430F5xx Series MCU copy protection read: MSP430F5418 MSP430F5418A MSP430F5419 MSP430F5419A MSP430F5435 MSP430F5435A MSP430F5436 MSP430F5436A MSP430F5437 MSP430F5437A MSP430F5438 MSP430F5438A MSP430F5500 MSP430F5501 MSP430F5502 MSP430F5503 MSP430F5504 MSP430F5505 MSP430F5506 MSP430F5507 MSP430F5508 MSP430F5509 MSP430F5510 MSP430F5513 MSP430F5514 MSP430F5515 MSP430F5517 MSP430F5519 MSP430F5521 MSP430F5522 MSP430F5524 MSP430F5525 MSP430F5526 MSP430F5527 MSP430F5528 MSP430F5529 ...

    MSP430AFE221 MSP430AFE222 MSP430AFE223 MSP430AFE231 MSP430AFE232 MSP430AFE233 MSP430AFE251 MSP430AFE252 MSP430AFE253 MSP430BT5190 MSP430F2001 MSP430F2002 MSP430F2003 MSP430F2011 MSP430F2012 MSP430F2013 MSP430F2101 MSP430F2111 MSP430F2112 MSP430F2121 MSP430F2122 MSP430F2131 MSP430F2132 MSP430F2232 MSP430F2234 MSP430F2252 MSP430F2254 MSP430F2272 MSP430F2274 MSP430F233 MSP430F2330 MSP430F235 MSP430F2350 MSP430F2370 MSP430F4132 MSP430F4152 MSP430F423A MSP430F425A MSP430F427A MSP430F437 MSP430F4371 MSP430F438 MSP430F439 MSP430F447 MSP430F448 MSP430F4481 MSP430F449 MSP430F4491 MSP430F4616 MSP430F46161 MSP430F4617 MSP430F46171 MSP430F4618 MSP430F46181 MSP430F4619 MSP430F46191 MSP430F47126 MSP430F47127 MSP430F47163 MSP430F47166 MSP430F47167 MSP430F47173 MSP430F47176 MSP430F47177 MSP430F47183 MSP430F47186 MSP430F47187 MSP430F47193 MSP430F47196 MSP430F47197 MSP430F477 MSP430F478 MSP430F4783 MSP430F4784 MSP430F479 MSP430F4793 MSP430F4794 MSP430F5131 MSP430F5132 MSP430F5151 MSP430F5152 MSP430F5171 MSP430F5172 MSP430F5304 MSP430F5308 MSP430F5309 MSP430F5310 MSP430F5324 MSP430F5325 MSP430F5326 MSP430F5327 MSP430F5328 MSP430F5329 MSP430F5333 MSP430F5334 MSP430F5336 MSP430F5337 MSP430F5338 MSP430F5340 MSP430F5341 MSP430F5342 MSP430F5418 MSP430F5418A MSP430F5419 MSP430F5419A MSP430F5435 MSP430F5435A MSP430F5436 MSP430F5436A MSP430F5437 MSP430F5437A MSP430F5438 MSP430F5438A MSP430F5500 MSP430F5501 MSP430F5502 MSP430F5503 MSP430F5504 MSP430F5505 MSP430F5506 MSP430F5507 MSP430F5508 MSP430F5509 MSP430F5510 MSP430F5513 MSP430F5514 MSP430F5515 MSP430F5517 MSP430F5519 MSP430F5521 MSP430F5522 MSP430F5524 MSP430F5525 MSP430F5526 MSP430F5527 MSP430F5528 MSP430F5529 MSP430F5630 MSP430F5631 MSP430F5632 MSP430F5633 MSP430F5634 MSP430F5635 MSP430F5636 MSP430F5637 MSP430F5638 MSP430F6433 MSP430F6434 MSP430F6435 MSP430F6436 MSP430F6437 MSP430F6438 MSP430F6630 MSP430F6631 MSP430F6632 MSP430F6633 MSP430F6634 MSP430F6635 MSP430F6636 MSP430F6637 MSP430F6638 MSP430FE423 MSP430FE4232 MSP430FE423A MSP430FE4242 MSP430FE425 MSP430FE4252 MSP430FE425A MSP430FE427 MSP430FE4272 MSP430FE427A MSP430FG4616 MSP430FG4617 MSP430FG4618 MSP430FG4619 MSP430FG477 MSP430FG478 MSP430FG479 MSP430FW428 MSP430FW429 MSP430G2001 MSP430G2001 MSP430G2102 MSP430G2111 MSP430G2112 MSP430G2121 MSP430G2131 MSP430G2132 MSP430G2152 MSP430G2201 MSP430G2202 MSP430G2211 MSP430G2212 MSP430G2221 MSP430G2231 MSP430G2232 MSP430G2252 MSP430G2302 MSP430G2312 MSP430G2332 MSP430G2352 MSP430G2402 MSP430G2412 MSP430G2432 MSP430G2452 MSP430P112 ...

    TMS320xx Series MCU copy protection read: TMS320F206 TMS320F243 TMS320F240 TMS320F241 TMS320LF2407 TMS320LF2403A TMS320LF2402A TMS320LF2407A TMS320LF2406A TMS320LF2401A TMS320LF2406 TMS320LF2402 ...

 
 
     
 
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More MCU brands we can reverse engineer below, please contact us if yours not listed here:
AMD Feeling LG / Hyundai Myson STK
ChipON Hynix Mitsubishi National Semi Temic
Coreriver ICSI Mosel Vitelic Portek Toshiba
Dallas ISSI MXIC SSSC Gal / Pal / Palce
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